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Government Spending on Military vs Education

Paper Type: Free Essay Subject: Politics
Wordcount: 1564 words Published: 24th Jul 2017

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Evaluate the idea the government should spend less money on war and their military and other areas such as health and education.

In every country, usually government takes very important decisions, sometimes which are very useful for the country to improve or increase their business and some of them, decisions create some serious problems, which have very bad impact on country development. The overall development of a country depends on ample of factors like, the country should be self sufficient in various factors like health care of people, education, safety and security of people. So somewhere government spends more money on education health system programs as they reckon and some other seem that it is better to spend money on their military and defence system rather than the education and health system, because they seem if government have strong defence military then they do not have any war problem and any other serious problems.

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Firstly, education plays a very vital role in the development of any country , which tells the right or wrong decision in our daily lives. Education also requires equal attention because the present era is the era of technology from the birth of a baby to cremation, there is technology. the proper use of technological equipments and appliances require knowledge which can be gained by educational ways. With the help of education, people go much better prepared to prevent disease and to use new health and safety services effectively. For instance, young people who have done or completed primary education are less than half as likely to contract HIV as those with little or no schooling. If mothers are educated then their children have more healthier children. So education is essential for overall development of personality of a person and it is pivotal for inculcating good moral and ethical values in the individuals so that people and their respective country can flourish and climb up the ladder of success. Besides this, education helps in sharpening the faculties(physical and mental) of and individual. Education is the third eye of an individual because it acts as a beacon of light to enlighten the path of individual’s life. Moreover life without education is just like a ship without sailor. Educated people can mould the country’s future because it teaches the basic principles of living in the society. Education always brings more opportunities for a youngsters and everyone learn lot of new skills through education, so education makes a difference in life. But it does not mean that only education is the most important part for a country and government spend more money on it, also it means government also take care about the education, because it is the part of our daily lives. Gignoux A (2002) Secondly, also the proper maintenance of health of people should be given paramount importance as an adage goes, health is wealth. If citizens of a country are healthy, then the country automatically advances on the road of success because of increased productivity of citizens. Better health is central to human happiness and well-being. It also makes an important contribution to economic progress, usually healthy populations live longer than others, are more productive, and save more. For example, investments in roads can improveaccess to health services, inflation targets can constrain health spending and civil service reform can create more opportunities or limits to hiring more health workers. Health is the physical, psychological, intellectual and spiritual well being of a person and not merely the absence of disease. Every country nowadays aims to provide best medical services to the people as technology has given birth to many diagnostic as well as treatment alternatives. As “prevention is better than cure” so a government should give priority to primary prevention than secondary prevention because according to World Health Organization ” a medicine can not cure one problem rather creating more problems “. Government should spend a more from of its budget on maintaining health of people. If people are healthy, then economy of country will increase drastically. Health can be flourished by proper sanitation amenities, clean drinking water, closed sewerage system and so on. Apart from it, health check up should be conducted in schools. Moreover nutritional programs like mid day meal programs should be implemented properly. Several surveys related to health should be conducted. So health education camps should be organised by government, so that people can acquire knowledge about various diseases and how to prevent such disorders. For instance, healthy students can take more advantages in the class, because they learn very quickly and always remain active in the class, but on the flip side, unhealthy students can not afford so much information and get new skills and similarly, companies or industries usually invest more in the market, if they have strong, healthier and educated workforces. So it means, if have a improved disease environment, it also support the development in almost every sector. So government also spend more money on health and physical fitness of people, because health is the prominent issue in the progress of developing countries.

On the flip side, military, paramilitary and police play pivotal role in maintaining law and order in the society as well as for establishing peace. The government of a country spend huge sum of money for the advancement of this sector. Preparing the military for security of people is imperative but to use that military forces for attacking other countries is totally devastating. Whenever a country attacks other country, then the military force of that should be strong enough to oppose the attacking military forces. In the present scenario, the adage” tooth for tooth and nail for nail” prevails. So every country usually spend huge amount of money on strengthening its military so that the opponents malicious actions can be deterred. Recently in Iraq the ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq) militant group spread violence and killed many innocent people because this group wants to make Iraq a Muslim country. So in order to crash the malicious connotations of such groups, the military force of a country should be powerful. In order to grab such violence the govt. of every country tries to strengthen the military forces. Moreover the military helps the citizens in case of natural disasters like flood, tsunami. But according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the World military expenditure in 2012 is estimated to have reached $1.756 trillion. This is a 0.4 per cent decline in real terms than in 2011 — the first fall since 1998. The total is still higher than in any year between the end of World War II and 2010. This corresponds to 2.5 per cent of world gross domestic product (GDP), or approximately $249 for each person in the world. Now a days, almost every country have a nuclear bomb, so if any country do not have a anti-nuclear defence mechanism, then it would be repeat, which was happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. That is why most of the countries spend lot of money on their military and some on new technology, because by using new technology, they seem that they can face any war of any country. So some countries still have so much expenditure on their military services and on their new weapons to protect the country people rather than the other areas like health and education.

In conclusion, it can be seen that Education enlightens each and every sphere of life, so government should provide free of cost education at least up to primary level. Apart from it, scholarships should be given to students to promote the interest towards studies. Developed countries should give fee concession to the students. Also government should give proper attention towards military. Although there are many organizations like W.H.O, UNICEF, which work for maintaining universal brotherhood and peace, still the fear of attack by other countries prevail, due to which the government gives attention towards military development and to equip it with modern techniques like novel equipments, vehicles weapons and so on. So health, education and military or new technology are the main part of any country, so every country government should firstly see their weakness and spend more money on it.

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[1] Gignoux A (2002), Center For Global Development, retrieved on March 2002 from


Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (2013), Military Expenditure, retrieved on 22 February, 2009 from


World Health Organization ( 2008 ), Health and Development, retrieved on 2-4 September from http://www.who.int/hdp/en/


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